Adaptive cruise control project

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Adaptive cruise control project

Released: Feb 3, View statistics for this project via Libraries. Look for cruise. Feb 3, Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages. Warning Some features may not work without JavaScript. Please try enabling it if you encounter problems. Search PyPI Search. Latest version Released: Feb 3, Adaptive Cruise Control.

Navigation Project description Release history Download files. Project links Homepage. Maintainers Ariel. Project description Project details Release history Download files Project description acc [! Udacity micro challenge. More information Join the acc-challenge channel on the ND Slack and ask away. For example, distance to car in front is 0, or target speed is different to actual speed.

Project details Project links Homepage. Release history Release notifications This version. Download files Download the file for your platform. Files for acc, version 0.Documentation Help Center. This example shows how to implement a sensor fusion-based automotive adaptive cruise controller for a vehicle traveling on a curved road using sensor fusion.

Review a control system that combines sensor fusion and an adaptive cruise controller ACC. Test the control system in a closed-loop Simulink model using synthetic data generated by the Automated Driving Toolbox. Configure the code generation settings for software-in-the-loop simulation, and automatically generate code for the control algorithm.

An adaptive cruise control system is a control system that modifies the speed of the ego vehicle in response to conditions on the road. As in regular cruise control, the driver sets a desired speed for the car; in addition, the adaptive cruise control system can slow the ego vehicle down if there is another vehicle moving slower in the lane in front of it.

For the ACC to work correctly, the ego vehicle must determine how the lane in front of it curves, and which car is the 'lead car', that is, in front of the ego vehicle in the lane. A typical scenario from the viewpoint of the ego vehicle is shown in the following figure. The ego vehicle blue travels along a curved road. At the beginning, the lead car is the pink car.

Then the purple car cuts into the lane of the ego vehicle and becomes the lead car. After a while, the purple car changes to another lane, and the pink car becomes the lead car again. The pink car remains the lead car afterward. The ACC design must react to the change in the lead car on the road. Current ACC designs rely mostly on range and range rate measurements obtained from radar, and are designed to work best along straight roads.

Estimating the relative positions and velocities of the cars that are near the ego vehicle and that have significant lateral motion relative to the ego vehicle. Estimating the lane ahead of the ego vehicle to find which car in front of the ego vehicle is the closest one in the same lane.

Reacting to aggressive maneuvers by other vehicles in the environment, in particular, when another vehicle cuts into the ego vehicle lane. This example demonstrates two main additions to existing ACC designs that meet these challenges: adding a sensor fusion system and updating the controller design based on model predictive control MPC. A sensor fusion and tracking system that uses both vision and radar sensors provides the following benefits:.

It combines the better lateral measurement of position and velocity obtained from vision sensors with the range and range rate measurement from radar sensors. A vision sensor can detect lanes, provide an estimate of the lateral position of the lane relative to the ego vehicle, and position the other cars in the scene relative to the ego vehicle lane.

This example assumes ideal lane detection. An advanced MPC controller adds the ability to react to more aggressive maneuvers by other vehicles in the environment. In contrast to a classical controller that uses a PID design with constant gains, the MPC controller regulates the velocity of the ego vehicle while maintaining a strict safe distance constraint. Therefore, the controller can apply more aggressive maneuvers when the environment changes quickly in a similar way to what a human driver would do.

ACC with Sensor Fusion, which models the sensor fusion and controls the longitudinal acceleration of the vehicle. This component allows you to select either a classical or model predictive control version of the design. A Vehicle and Environment subsystem, which models the motion of the ego vehicle and models the environment. A simulation of radar and vision sensors provides synthetic data to the control subsystem.Human factors testing in field experiments and driving simulators will likely be needed, but the research requirements and the approaches to address them are not yet known and should initially be defined in this project.

These scenarios will, in turn, identify a series of independent variables that, when compared to current conditions, provide a basis for describing driver behavior and other human factors issues associated with the concepts.

You are here Home. Project Information Project ID:. Project Status:. Start Date:. Tuesday, October 1, End Date:. Thursday, June 30, FHWA Program:. FHWA Subprogram:. FHWA Activity:. TRT Terms:. FHWA Discipline:. Subject Area:. Contact Information First Name:. Last Name:. Email Address:. Office Code:. Project Details Project Abstract:. Goals The objectives of this exploratory project are to: 1 Define a small set of scenarios, based upon the base Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control CACC concept of operations, that recognize differences in the way this concept can be realized.

Deliverables Links to Project Reports:.We will show you how your car can automatically slow down in speed zones using your existing cruise control, just made better! My wife has one, and even though women-hate-gizmos, she uses it every day! Who am I?

adaptive cruise control project

I designed the product at gpscruise. It was ahead of its time and a commercial failure, so I am publishing it here. What will it cost? I learned long ago that cost is king, and that it is noble to be frugal and low-tech. Step 1: Get the special cellphone app that is already written and free.

It drives the headphone jack with two tones when the speed changes. Step 3: Connect the relays to your existing cruise control. Email me for more details which you and I will add! It works, trust me. Requirements: 1 Smartphone. Get involved!

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If people ask questions, I will provide answers. Will it work? Yes it will. Step 2: Buy or make a circuit to convert tones to relay signals. December 18,pm PST. Project Steps View All 1. We will show you how Buy or build this board Parts list Digikey part no's 4. Here's how to clip onto All cars use 2 wires Get a smartphone app. Step Next Prev. Send this to a friend Your email Recipient email Send Cancel. Thanks for signing up.

adaptive cruise control project

Please try again.Adaptive cruise control ACC is an available cruise control system for road vehicles that automatically adjusts the vehicle speed to maintain a safe distance from vehicles ahead. As ofit is also called by 20 unique names that describe that basic functionality.

This is also known as Dynamic cruise control. Control is based on sensor information from on-board sensors.

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control

Such systems may use a radar or laser sensor or a camera setup allowing the vehicle to brake when it detects the car is approaching another vehicle ahead, then accelerate when traffic allows it to. ACC technology is widely regarded as a key component of future generations of intelligent cars. They impact driver safety and convenience as well as increasing road capacity by maintaining optimal separation between vehicles and reducing driver errors.

Vehicles with autonomous cruise control are considered a Level 1 autonomous caras defined by SAE International. Adaptive cruise control does not provide full autonomy: the system only provides some help to the driver, but does not drive the car by itself. Laser -based systems do not detect and track vehicles in adverse weather conditions nor do they reliably track dirty and therefore non-reflective vehicles. Laser-based sensors must be exposed, the sensor a fairly large black box is typically found in the lower grille, offset to one side.

Radar-based sensors can be hidden behind plastic fascias; however, the fascias may look different from a vehicle without the feature. For example, Mercedes-Benz packages the radar behind the upper grille in the center and behind a solid plastic panel that has painted slats to simulate the look of the rest of the grille.

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Single radar systems are the most common. Systems involving multiple sensors use either two similar hardware sensors like the Audi A8 [39] or the Volkswagen Touareg[40] or one central long range radar coupled with two short radar sensors placed on the corners of the vehicle like the BMW 5 and 6 series.

A more recent development is the binocular computer vision system, such as that introduced to the US market in model year by Subaru.

These systems have front-facing video cameras mounted on either side of the rear view mirror and use digital processing to extract depth information from the parallax between the two cameras' views. Also in certain cars it is incorporated with a lane maintaining system which provides a power steering assist to reduce steering input burden on corners when the cruise control system is activated.

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GPS data can inform the system of geographic features such as a freeway offramp. This could allow a following car to interpret a turn signal by an exit as not requiring the following car to slow down, as the leading car will exit. Predictive systems modify vehicle speed based on predictions of other vehicles' behavior. Such systems can make earlier, more moderate adjustments to the predicted behavior, improving safety and passenger comfort. One example is to predict the likelihood of a vehicle in a neighbouring lane moving in front of the controlled vehicle.

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One system predicts a lane change up to five seconds before it occurs. Motor Authority Review [43]. Active Cruise Control [49]. Distronic Plus could now completely halt the car if necessary on most sedans. In an episode of Top GearJeremy Clarkson demonstrated the effectiveness of the system by coming to a complete halt from motorway speeds to a round-about and getting out, without touching the pedals.

InMercedes introduced Active Brake Assist 4, the first emergency braking assistant with pedestrian recognition. One crash caused by Distronic Plus dates towhen German news magazine " Stern " was testing Mercedes' original Distronic system.

During the test, the system did not always manage to brake in time. Later iterations received an upgraded radar and other sensors, which are not disrupted by a metallic environment.Ever since Karl Benz invented the first horseless carriageauto manufacturers have used new technology to improve the safety and convenience of their vehicles. Seat belts were one of the first new pieces of safety technology added to vehicles, with future passive systems such as air bags and crumple zones added as manufacturers researched new technologies to keep passengers safe.

As computers have become smarter and more integrated into vehicles, auto manufacturers have also used these new devices to give drivers powerful new safety tools. From backup cameras to blind spot warning systemsthese new technologies have helped prevent many accidents. Adaptive cruise control is one of the newest systems designed to keep drivers safeand it has quickly become an essential feature for many drivers.

What is adaptive cruise control, what makes it different from regular cruise control and why so many drivers like this new technology will be some of the questions answered in this article. Adaptive cruise controlor ACC, is an intelligent and adaptable version of the cruise control system that cars have had for decades.

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When the vehicle in front of your car brakes, your ACC system will slow down your vehicle as well; when the other vehicle accelerates, yours will too. Instead, they use onboard computers and sophisticated sensors, such as radar systems, to monitor the other vehicles on the road.

Adaptive Cruise Control with Sensor Fusion

Because of this, adaptive cruise control is also called radar cruise control or autonomous cruise control. Two other types are in development: multi-sensor systems and cooperative systems. Multi-sensor systems use external systems, such as GPS satellites, to provide additional information to the vehicle, allowing it to make more intelligent decisions.

Cooperative ACC systems would communicate with other vehicles, allowing all of the vehicles to react almost instantaneously to each other. Once the driver locks his preferred speed into his ACC system, the vehicle will monitor its surroundings. The system runs a signal from its radar headway system through a digital signal processor to determine the distance to the nearest car, and it then uses a longitudinal controller to determine a safe following distance.

Later, inMitsubishi also introduced its laser-based Preview Distance Controlwhich could use throttle control or downshifting to influence the speed of the vehicle. By this point, both lidar and radar systems were seeing active use, and manufacturers had begun giving these systems some amount of speed control. However, untilall of these systems were exclusive to the overseas market; the first laser-based ACC, the Lexus Dynamic Laser Cruise Control systemwas introduced to the American market that year.

InToyota introduced ACC systems that could operate across a wide range of speeds; before then, ACC systems were constrained to speeds above 20 mph. Adaptive cruise control is a natural evolution of the basic cruise control system common to most American cars. Like a regular cruise control system, an adaptive system receives a speed setting from the driver and uses internal sensors to regulate airflow to the engine. By restricting airflow to the engine when the vehicle is close to its speed setting, and increasing airflow when the vehicle is below its speed setting, the cruise control system helps the car maintain a near-constant speed.Driving in heavy traffic or keeping a safe distance to the preceding vehicle calls for a high level of concentration.

The adaptive cruise control ACC can reduce stress for the driver by automatically controlling vehicle speed and maintaining a predefined minimum distance to the preceding vehicle. As a consequence, the driver enjoys more comfort and can better concentrate on the traffic. Front radar plus is employed to realize driving functions that enhance comfort, convenience, safety, and enable automated driving. A radar sensor is usually at the core of the adaptive cruise control ACC. Installed at the front of the vehicle, the system permanently monitors the road ahead.

As long as the road ahead is clear, ACC maintains the speed set by the driver. If the system spots a slower vehicle within its detection range, it gently reduces speed by releasing the accelerator or actively engaging the brake control system.

It can maintain the set distance to the preceding vehicle even at very low speeds and can decelerate to a complete standstill. When the vehicle remains stopped longer, the driver needs only to reactivate the system, for example by briefly stepping on the gas pedal to return to ACC mode. Since ACC is a comfort and convenience system, brake interventions and vehicle acceleration only take place within defined limits. The automatic emergency braking assists the driver in avoiding rear-end collisions and mitigating the consequences.

The traffic jam assist helps to guide the vehicle relaxed and safely in traffic jams and to avoid rear-end collisions. The lane keeping assist detects lane markings via video camera and actively supports the driver to remain in the marked lane.

The predictive pedestrian protection helps to avoid collisions, particularly with cyclists and pedestrians. Bosch Group. English Deutsch English.

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System components Operation System benefits Contact Further interesting topics. System components System overview. Front radar plus Front radar plus is employed to realize driving functions that enhance comfort, convenience, safety, and enable automated driving. Overview all system components. System components. Filter All system components Driver assistance systems.

adaptive cruise control project

Mid-range radar sensor MRR. Radar sensor and multi purpose camera.

Cruise Control - Explained

Front radar plus. Operation principle of adaptive cruise control. System know-how and system solutions for all regions and markets We are present in all major automotive markets with our development, application, and sales centers. Customer teams with global and regional responsibility work with our customers to develop innovative, customized solutions. We are working on the automation and networking of existing components to realize new functions and systems that make personal mobility safer and more comfortable.

However, we want to take the already high safety standards to the next level, which is why we are focusing our efforts on the development and intelligent networking of safety and assistance systems. In addition, we are working on higher-performance systems, which will provide drivers with increasingly comprehensive support, and gradually pave the way for fully automated driving.


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